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 汽车专业相关词汇中英对照

青岛希尼尔翻译咨询有限公司(www.losthive.com)整理发布  2015-9-30

(词汇与使用的环境有密切关系,仅供参考)

汽车专业相关词汇中英对照

 

离合器轴前轴承 clutch opilot bearing

分离叉 withdrawal fork

分离叉球头支座 operating fork bal -end

分离推杆调整螺钉 release rod adjusting screw

分离叉回位弹簧 operatign fork retrun spring

踏板回位弹簧 clutch pedal retrun spring

离合器分离拉索 clutch release cable

离合器液压式操纵机构 clutch operaton (hydraulic)

离合器操纵机构主缸 clutch release master cylinder

储液罐 fluid reservoir

主缸活塞 master cylinder piston

主缸推杆 master cylinder push rod

工作缸推杆 slave cylinder push rod

工作缸活塞 slave cylinder piston

工作缸 clutch release slave cylinder

液压系统放气塞 hydraulic system bleeding plug

油管 pipe

联接软管 hose

踏板支座 clutch pedal mounting bracket

分离杆铰销 operating lever articulation

工作缸活塞回位弹簧 slave cylinder piston return spirng

主缸活塞回位弹簧 master cylinder piston return spring

离合器打滑 cltuch slipping

滑磨功 work of slipping

接合平顺性 smoothness of pick-up (engagement)

分离的彻底性 cleanliness of disengagemet

离合器后备系数 reserve coefficient of clutch

离合器的微处理机控制 microprocessor controlled clutch

变速器 transmission (gearbox)

机械式变速器 mechanical transmission

固定轴式变速器 fixed shaft transmission

中间轴变速器 countershaft transmission

双中间轴变速器 twin countershaft transmission

多中间轴变速器 multi-countershaft transmission

两轴式变速器 twin-shaft transmission

行星齿轮式变速器 planetary transmission

滑动齿轮变速器 sliding gear trnasmission

全直齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all spur gear transmission

全斜齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all helical gear transmission

全齿套变速器 all dog clutch transmission

多级变速器 multi-speed transmission

无级变速器 non-stage transmission

同步器式变速器 synchromesh transmission

直接档变速器 direct drive transmission

超速档变速器 over drive transmision

手动换档变速器 manually shifted transmission

直接操纵变速器 direct control transmissionm

远距离操纵变速器 remote control trnasmission

动力助力换档变速器 power assisted shift transmission

自动换档机械式变速器 automatic mechanical tranmission

半自动换档机械式变速器 semi-automatic mechanical transmission

插入式多档变速器 interttype multi-speed tranmission

分段式多档变速器 sectional type multi-speed tranmisssion

组合式变速器 combinatory transmission

主变速器 basic trnasmission

副变速器 splitter

带主减速器的变速器 final driving transmission

液力变速器 hydraudynamic transmission

自动液力变速器 automatic transmission

半自动液力变速器 semiautomatic transmission

人工换档液力变速器 manually shifted transmission

分流式液力变速器 split torque drive tranmisson

定轴式液力变速器 countershaft transmission

行星式液力变速器 planetary trnamission

电子同步变速装置 electronically synchronized transmission assembly

滑动齿轮传动 sliding -gear transmission

常啮合齿轮传动 constant mesh transmission

啮合套 shift sleeve (engagement sleeve)

液力传动 hydraudynamic drive

液力传动装置 dydraudynamic drive unit

液力偶合器 fluid coupling

液力变矩器 torque converter

综合式液力变矩器 torque converter-coupling

锁止式液力变矩器 lock-up torque converter

变容式液力变矩器 variable capacity converter

同步器 synchronizer

常压式同步器 constant pressure synchronizer

惯性式同步器 inertial type of synchronizer

自动增力式同步器 self-servo sysnchronizer

双涡轮液力变矩器 double-turbine torque converter

双泵轮液力变矩器 double-impeller torque converter

导轮可反转的变矩器 torque converter with revereal reacto

分动箱(分动器) transfer case

辅助变速器 auxiliary gear box

取力器(动力输出机构) power take-off

传动轴减速器 dirveline retarder

液力减速器 hydraulic retarder

单向离合器 one-way clutch

锁止离合器 lock-up clutch

叶轮 member

泵轮 impeller

涡轮 turbine

导轮 reactro

转子 rotor

定子 stator

stage

phase

叶片 blade

转动叶片 variable blade

循环圆 trus section

速度三角形 triangle of velocities

外环 shell

内环 core

设计流线 design path

边斜角(进出口) bias(entrance and exit)

包角 scroll

叶片骨线 mean camberline

叶片角 blade angle

阻流板 step,reflectro,baffle

速度环量 circulation (circulation of stream)

液流角 flow angle

滑差 slip

速比 speed ratio

变矩比 torque ratio

能容系数 capacity factor

零速转速 stall speed

空转转速 racing speed

变矩范围 torque conversion range

偶合范围 coupling range

偶合点 coupling point

锥形渐开线齿轮 conical involute gear

变速齿轮 transmission gear

分动齿轮(分动机构) transfer gear

变速齿轮组 change gear set

滑动齿轮 sliding gear

常啮齿轮 constant mesh gear

倒档中间齿轮 reverse idler gear

行星齿轮机构 planetary gears

行星齿轮 planet gear

行星架 planet carrier

太阳齿轮 sun gear

内齿轮 internal or king gear

外侧行星齿轮 outer planet gear

内侧行星齿轮 inner planet geear

长行星齿轮 long planet gear

短行星齿轮 shor planet gear

双联行星齿轮 compound planet gear

中间齿轮 intermediate gear(counter gear)

副轴齿轮 counter shaft gear

副轴 counter shaft

变速器输入轴 transmission imput shaft

变速器输出轴 transmission output shaft

变速器主动齿轮轴 transmission drive gear shaft

变速器主轴 transmission main shaft

变速器中间轴 transmission countershaft

变速器轴的刚度 rigidity of shaft

变速齿轮比(变速比) transmission gear ratio

传动比 gear ratio

主压力 line pressure

调制压力 modulated pressure

真空调制压力 vacuum modulator pressure

速控压力 governor pressure

缓冲压力 compensator or trimmer pressure

 

 

 

 

模拟手 antificial hand

吸收钳 absorbing clamp

模拟灯 dummy lamp

带状线 stripline

平衡-不平衡转化器 balun

在试设备 device under test(DUT)

转鼓试验台 roler bench

转台 truntable

测功机 dynamometer

升降台 lifting device for lifting

废气排气系统 exhaust emission suction system

消防系统 fire extinguishing system

可视通话系统 video and intercom system

声学和噪声 acoustic and noise

声学 acoustics

声学工程 acoustical engineering

声波 acoustic wave

声容 acoustic capacitance

声频 acoustical frequency

声阻 acoustical resistance

声级 acoustical level

声谱 acoustic spectrum

声抗 acoustical reactance

声阻抗 acoustic impedance

声质量 acoustical mass

声反馈 acoustic feed back

声功率 acoustical power

声效率 acoustical efficiency

传声性 acoustical conductivity

声藕合 acoustical coupling

声学分析 acoustical analysis

声源 source of sound

声场 sound field

声压 sound pressure

声蟠 sound coil

声速 sound velocity

共鸣 resonance

响度 loudness

回声 echo

噪声 noise

汽车噪声 automobile noise

噪声控制 noise control

分贝 decibel(dB)

声强与声强级 sound intensity and sound intensity level

声压与声压级 sound pressure and pressure level of sound

响度级与等响曲线 soundness level and equal -loundness contours

声级 sound level

噪声测量系统 measurement system of noise

声功率与声功率级 sound power and power level

汽车噪声测量方法 measurement method of vehicle noise

声学仪器 acoustical instrument

声强计、比声计 acoustimeter

声幅射器 acoustical radiator

共鸣器 acoustic resonator

滤声器 acoustical filter

检声器 sound detector

噪声计 noise meter

精密声级计 precision sound level meter

电平记录仪 level recorder

频谱分析仪 frequency spectrum analyzer

FFT——快速傅里叶变换)分析仪 fft analyzer

机械阻抗分析系统 mechanical impedance analysis system

跟踪滤波器 tracking filter

功率谱分析仪 power spectral density analyzer

概率密度分析仪 probability density analyzer

自相关仪 autocorrelaton function analyzer

消声器(噪声衰减装置) sound attenuatin

噪音消声器(隔音材料) silencer(sound deadener)

清洁度 cleanliness

毛坯清洁度 rough cleanliness

零件清洁度 parts cleanliness

快速不解体清洁度 rapid undisassembly cleanliness

解体清洁度 disassembly cleanliness

装配清洁度 assembly cleanliness

重量法 weighting method

光电比色法 photoelectric colorimetry method

离心法 centrifuagl method

色度比较法 patch test method

滤膜 filtrer membrance

恒重 standing weight

清洗液 leaner

混浊液 dirty soulution

过滤 filtration

微粒 particle

粒度 paritcle size

孔隙度 void ratio

全液过滤 whole solution through filtering

抽样过滤 sample filtering

滤膜气泡点压力 pressure of air bulb in film

滤膜孔隙率 void ratio of film

滤膜萃取率 percentage of film taken off

环境 environment

清洁度检测室 cleanliness measurement room

局部洁净区 clean work area

准备室 preparatory room

将尘量 quantity of fallen dust

抽样基数 sampling basic number

取样部位 sampling location

清洁度限值 cleanliness limit

重量分析法 analysis by weight method

滤膜显微镜分析法 microscopic method

磨料试验法 grit test method

重复性 repeatability

再现性 reproducibility

传动系 drive line(transmission ,power train)

机械传动 mechanical transmission

无级传动 stepless transmission (continuously variable transmission )

液力传动 hydrodynamic drive

液力机械传动 hydromechanical transmission

液压分流传动 hydrostatic differenctial tranmission

液压蓄能传动 hydrostatic stored energy transmission ssytem

飞轮蓄能传动系 flywheel stored energy transmission system

电传动 electrical transmission

电动轮 eelctric wheel

链传动 chain-driving

双发动机并联传动 dual engine drive

传动系的扭转振动 torsional vibrations of transmission

齿轮噪声 gear noiose

传动系的噪声 transmission noise (driveline noise, power tranin noise)

离合器 clutch

类型 type

摩擦式离合器 friction clutcch

单盘离合器 single plate clutch

双盘离合器 double plate clutch

多盘离合器 multi-plate clutch

膜片弹簧离合器 diaphragm spring clutch

自动离合器 automatic clutch

离心式自动离合器 centrifugal tyep automatic clutch

电磁离合器 eelctromagnetic clutch

磁粉离合器 magnetic-powder lutch

螺旋弹簧离合器 spring-loaded clutch

中央弹簧离合器 cetnral spring clutch

斜置弹簧离合器 angle-spring clutch

伺服离合器 servo clutch

部件 assembly and parts

离合器操纵机构 clutch operation

飞轮 flywheel stored energy transmission system

飞轮壳 flywheel casing

从动盘摩擦衬片 clutch palte lining

离合器壳 clutch housing

传力片 steel tape

压盘 pressure plate

分离杆 release lever

分离套筒 release sleeve

离合器轴 clutch shaft

离合器盖 clutchcover

从动盘 clutch plate

从动盘毂 clutch plate hub

分离弹簧 release spring

分离轴承 release thrust bearing

中间压盘 center plate

压紧弹簧 pressure spring

膜片弹簧 diaphragm spring

减震弹簧 damping spring

摩擦片 friction lining

扭转振动减震器 tortional vibration damper

离合器机械式操纵机构 clutch operation device(mechanical )

离合器踏板轴 clutch pedal shaft

离合器踏板臂 clutch pedal lever

离合器踏板密封套 pedal lever seal

离合器踏板 cltuch pedla pad

分离推杆 release rod

分离推杆叉 push-rod fork

离合器分离轴 clutch release shaft

分离杆支座 release lever supoort

分离杆轴 release lever axle

分离杆调整螺钉 release lever adjusting screw

分离轴承和分离套筒总成 release bearing and sleeve assembly

自动调心分离轴承 self-aligning release thrust bearing

离合器推力轴承 clutch thrust bearing

 

 

 

离合器轴前轴承 clutch opilot bearing

分离叉 withdrawal fork

分离叉球头支座 operating fork bal -end

分离推杆调整螺钉 release rod adjusting screw

分离叉回位弹簧 operatign fork retrun spring

踏板回位弹簧 clutch pedal retrun spring

离合器分离拉索 clutch release cable

离合器液压式操纵机构 clutch operaton (hydraulic)

离合器操纵机构主缸 clutch release master cylinder

储液罐 fluid reservoir

主缸活塞 master cylinder piston

主缸推杆 master cylinder push rod

工作缸推杆 slave cylinder push rod

工作缸活塞 slave cylinder piston

工作缸 clutch release slave cylinder

液压系统放气塞 hydraulic system bleeding plug

油管 pipe

联接软管 hose

踏板支座 clutch pedal mounting bracket

分离杆铰销 operating lever articulation

工作缸活塞回位弹簧 slave cylinder piston return spirng

主缸活塞回位弹簧 master cylinder piston return spring

离合器打滑 cltuch slipping

滑磨功 work of slipping

接合平顺性 smoothness of pick-up (engagement)

分离的彻底性 cleanliness of disengagemet

离合器后备系数 reserve coefficient of clutch

离合器的微处理机控制 microprocessor controlled clutch

变速器 transmission (gearbox)

机械式变速器 mechanical transmission

固定轴式变速器 fixed shaft transmission

中间轴变速器 countershaft transmission

双中间轴变速器 twin countershaft transmission

多中间轴变速器 multi-countershaft transmission

两轴式变速器 twin-shaft transmission

行星齿轮式变速器 planetary transmission

滑动齿轮变速器 sliding gear trnasmission

全直齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all spur gear transmission

全斜齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all helical gear transmission

全齿套变速器 all dog clutch transmission

多级变速器 multi-speed transmission

无级变速器 non-stage transmission

同步器式变速器 synchromesh transmission

直接档变速器 direct drive transmission

超速档变速器 over drive transmision

手动换档变速器 manually shifted transmission

直接操纵变速器 direct control transmissionm

远距离操纵变速器 remote control trnasmission

动力助力换档变速器 power assisted shift transmission

自动换档机械式变速器 automatic mechanical tranmission

半自动换档机械式变速器 semi-automatic mechanical transmission

插入式多档变速器 interttype multi-speed tranmission

分段式多档变速器 sectional type multi-speed tranmisssion

组合式变速器 combinatory transmission

主变速器 basic trnasmission

副变速器 splitter

带主减速器的变速器 final driving transmission

液力变速器 hydraudynamic transmission

自动液力变速器 automatic transmission

半自动液力变速器 semiautomatic transmission

人工换档液力变速器 manually shifted transmission

分流式液力变速器 split torque drive tranmisson

定轴式液力变速器 countershaft transmission

行星式液力变速器 planetary trnamission

电子同步变速装置 electronically synchronized transmission assembly

滑动齿轮传动 sliding -gear transmission

常啮合齿轮传动 constant mesh transmission

啮合套 shift sleeve (engagement sleeve)

液力传动 hydraudynamic drive

液力传动装置 dydraudynamic drive unit

液力偶合器 fluid coupling

液力变矩器 torque converter

综合式液力变矩器 torque converter-coupling

锁止式液力变矩器 lock-up torque converter

变容式液力变矩器 variable capacity converter

同步器 synchronizer

常压式同步器 constant pressure synchronizer

惯性式同步器 inertial type of synchronizer

自动增力式同步器 self-servo sysnchronizer

双涡轮液力变矩器 double-turbine torque converter

双泵轮液力变矩器 double-impeller torque converter

导轮可反转的变矩器 torque converter with revereal reacto

分动箱(分动器) transfer case

辅助变速器 auxiliary gear box

取力器(动力输出机构) power take-off

传动轴减速器 dirveline retarder

液力减速器 hydraulic retarder

单向离合器 one-way clutch

锁止离合器 lock-up clutch

叶轮 member

泵轮 impeller

涡轮 turbine

导轮 reactro

转子 rotor

定子 stator

stage

phase

叶片 blade

转动叶片 variable blade

循环圆 trus section

速度三角形 triangle of velocities

外环 shell

内环 core

设计流线 design path

边斜角(进出口) bias(entrance and exit)

包角 scroll

叶片骨线 mean camberline

叶片角 blade angle

阻流板 step,reflectro,baffle

速度环量 circulation (circulation of stream)

液流角 flow angle

滑差 slip

速比 speed ratio

变矩比 torque ratio

能容系数 capacity factor

零速转速 stall speed

空转转速 racing speed

变矩范围 torque conversion range

偶合范围 coupling range

偶合点 coupling point

锥形渐开线齿轮 conical involute gear

变速齿轮 transmission gear

分动齿轮(分动机构) transfer gear

变速齿轮组 change gear set

滑动齿轮 sliding gear

常啮齿轮 constant mesh gear

倒档中间齿轮 reverse idler gear

行星齿轮机构 planetary gears

行星齿轮 planet gear

行星架 planet carrier

太阳齿轮 sun gear

内齿轮 internal or king gear

外侧行星齿轮 outer planet gear

内侧行星齿轮 inner planet geear

长行星齿轮 long planet gear

短行星齿轮 shor planet gear

双联行星齿轮 compound planet gear

中间齿轮 intermediate gear(counter gear)

副轴齿轮 counter shaft gear

副轴 counter shaft

变速器输入轴 transmission imput shaft

变速器输出轴 transmission output shaft

变速器主动齿轮轴 transmission drive gear shaft

变速器主轴 transmission main shaft

变速器中间轴 transmission countershaft

变速器轴的刚度 rigidity of shaft

变速齿轮比(变速比) transmission gear ratio

传动比 gear ratio

主压力 line pressure

调制压力 modulated pressure

真空调制压力 vacuum modulator pressure

速控压力 governor pressure

缓冲压力 compensator or trimmer pressure

 

 

限档压力 hold presure

前油泵 front pump (input pump )

液力传动装置充油压力 hydrodynamic unit change pressure

后油泵 gear pump (output pump )

回油泵 scavenge oil pump

调压阀 pressure -regulator vavle

电磁阀调压阀 solenoid regulator valve

液力变矩器旁通阀 converter bypass valve

速控阀 governor valve

选档阀 selectro valve

换档阀 shift valve

信号阀 signal valve

继动阀 relay valve

换档指令发生器 shift pattern generator

档位指示器 shift indicator(shift torwer)

先导阀 priority valve

流量阀 flow valve

重迭阀 overlap valve

液力减速器控制阀 retarder control valve

液力起步 fluid start

零速起动 stall start

液力变矩器锁止 converter lockup

全液压自动换档系统 hydraulic automatic control system

电液式自动换档系统 electronic -hydraulic automatiec

换档 shift

升档 upshift

降档 downshift

动力换档 power shfit

单向离合器换档 freewheel shfit

人工换档 manual shfit

自动换档 automaitc shfit

抑制换档 inhibited shift

超限换档 overrun shift

强制换档 forced shift

换档点 shift point

叶片转位 blade angle shift

换档滞后 shift hysteresis

换档循环 shift schedule

换档规律 process of power shift

动力换档过程 timing

换档定时 property of automatic shift

换档品质 property of automatic shft

换档元件 engaging element

换档机构 gearshift

操纵杆 control lever

变速杆 stick shift(gear shift lever)

(副变速器)变速杆 range selector

变速叉 shifting fork (gear shift fork)

分动箱控制杆 transfer gear shift fork

变速踏板 gear shift pedal

变速轨(拨叉道轨) shift rail

直接变速 direct change(direct control)

方向盘式变速 column shift (handle change)

按钮控制 finger-tip control

槽导变速 gate change

空档位置 neutral position

直接驱动 direct drive

高速档 top gear(high gear)

低速档 bottom gear(low speed gear)

第一档 first gear

第二档 second gear

超速档 overdirve gear

经济档 economic gear

倒档 reverse gear

爬行档 creeper gear

驱动特性 drive performance

反拖特性 coast performance

定输入扭矩特性 constant input torque performance

全油门特性 full throttle performance

寄生损失特性 no load (parasitic losses)performance

原始特性 primary characteristic

响应特性 response characteristic

吸收特性 absorption characteristic

全特性 total external characteristic

输入特性 characteristic of enhance

输出特性 characteristic of exit

力矩特性 torque factor(coefficient of moment)

过载系数 overloading ratio

变矩系数 torque ratio

能容系数 capacity factorr

几何相似 geometry similarity

运动相似 kinematic similarity

动力相似 dynamic similarity

透穿性 transparency

万向节和传动轴 universal joint and drive shaft

万向节 universal joint

非等速万向节 nonconstant velocity universal joint

等速万向节 constant velocity universal joint

准等速万向节 near constant velocity universal joint

自承式万向节 self-supporting universal joint

非自承式万各节 non self suporting universal joint

回转直径 swing diameter

等速平面 constant velocity plane

万向节夹角 true joint angle

十字轴式万向节 cardan (hookes)universal joint

万向节叉 yoke

突缘叉 flange york

滑动叉 slip yoke

滑动节,伸缩节 slip joint

花键轴叉 slip shaft yoke

轴管叉(焊接叉) tube(weld yoke)

十字轴 cross(spider)

十字轴总成 cross assembly

挠性元件总成 flexible universal joint

球销式万向节 flexible member assembly

双柱槽壳 housing

球环 ball

球头轴 ball head

球头钉 button

中心球和座 centering ball and seat

球笼式万向节 rzeppa universal joint

钟形壳 outer race

星型套 inner race

保持架 cage

可轴向移动的球笼式万向节 plunging constant velocity joint

筒形壳 cylinder outer race

柱形滚道星形套 inner race withcylinder ball grooves

偏心保持架 non-concentric cage

滚动花键球笼式万向节 ball spline rzeppa universal joint

外壳 outer housing

内壳体 inner housing

球叉式万向节 weiss universal joint

球叉 ball yoke

定心钢球 centering ball

三球销万向节 tripod universal joint

三柱槽壳 housing

三销架 spider

双联万向节 double cardan universal joint

凸块式万向节 tracta universal joint

凸块叉 fork yoke

榫槽凸块 tongue and groove couplijng

凹槽凸块 groove coupling

传动轴 drive shaft(propeller shaft)

传动轴系 drive line

传动轴形式 drive shaft type

两万向节滑动的传动轴 two -joint inboard slip ddiveshaft

两万向节外侧滑动传动轴 two joint ouboard slip drive shaft

单万向节传动轴 single joint coupling shaft

组合式传动轴 unitized drive shaft

传动轴减振器 drive shaft absorber

传动轴中间轴承 drive shaft center bearing

传动轴管焊接合件 weld drive shaft tube assembly

传动轴特征长度 drive shaft length

传动轴谐振噪声 resonant noise of rive shaft

传动轴的临界转速 critical speed of drive shaft

传动轴总成的平衡 balance of drive shaft assembly

允许滑动量 slip

相位角 phase angle

传动轴安全圈 drive shaft safety strap

驱动桥 drive axle(driving axle)

类型 type

断开式驱动桥 divided axle

非独立悬架式驱动桥 rigid dirve axle

独立悬架式驱动桥 independent suspension drive axle

转向驱动桥 steering drive axle

贯通式驱动桥 tandem axles

“三速”贯通轴 "three-speed" tandem axles

单驱动桥 single drive axle

多桥驱动 multiaxle drive

减速器 reducer

主减速器 final drive

单级主减速器 single reduction final drive

双级主减速器 double reduction final drive

前置式双级主减速器 front mounted double reduction final drive

后置式双级主减速器 rear mounted double reduction final drive

上置式双级主减速器 top mounted double reducton final drive

行星齿轮式双级主减速器 planetary double reduction final drive

 

 

限档压力 hold presure

前油泵 front pump (input pump )

液力传动装置充油压力 hydrodynamic unit change pressure

后油泵 gear pump (output pump )

回油泵 scavenge oil pump

调压阀 pressure -regulator vavle

电磁阀调压阀 solenoid regulator valve

液力变矩器旁通阀 converter bypass valve

速控阀 governor valve

选档阀 selectro valve

换档阀 shift valve

信号阀 signal valve

继动阀 relay valve

换档指令发生器 shift pattern generator

档位指示器 shift indicator(shift torwer)

先导阀 priority valve

流量阀 flow valve

重迭阀 overlap valve

液力减速器控制阀 retarder control valve

液力起步 fluid start

零速起动 stall start

液力变矩器锁止 converter lockup

全液压自动换档系统 hydraulic automatic control system

电液式自动换档系统 electronic -hydraulic automatiec

换档 shift

升档 upshift

降档 downshift

动力换档 power shfit

单向离合器换档 freewheel shfit

人工换档 manual shfit

自动换档 automaitc shfit

抑制换档 inhibited shift

超限换档 overrun shift

强制换档 forced shift

换档点 shift point

叶片转位 blade angle shift

换档滞后 shift hysteresis

换档循环 shift schedule

换档规律 process of power shift

动力换档过程 timing

换档定时 property of automatic shift

换档品质 property of automatic shft

换档元件 engaging element

换档机构 gearshift

操纵杆 control lever

变速杆 stick shift(gear shift lever)

(副变速器)变速杆 range selector

变速叉 shifting fork (gear shift fork)

分动箱控制杆 transfer gear shift fork

变速踏板 gear shift pedal

变速轨(拨叉道轨) shift rail

直接变速 direct change(direct control)

方向盘式变速 column shift (handle change)

按钮控制 finger-tip control

槽导变速 gate change

空档位置 neutral position

直接驱动 direct drive

高速档 top gear(high gear)

低速档 bottom gear(low speed gear)

第一档 first gear

第二档 second gear

超速档 overdirve gear

经济档 economic gear

倒档 reverse gear

爬行档 creeper gear

驱动特性 drive performance

反拖特性 coast performance

定输入扭矩特性 constant input torque performance

全油门特性 full throttle performance

寄生损失特性 no load (parasitic losses)performance

原始特性 primary characteristic

响应特性 response characteristic

吸收特性 absorption characteristic

全特性 total external characteristic

输入特性 characteristic of enhance

输出特性 characteristic of exit

力矩特性 torque factor(coefficient of moment)

过载系数 overloading ratio

变矩系数 torque ratio

能容系数 capacity factorr

几何相似 geometry similarity

运动相似 kinematic similarity

动力相似 dynamic similarity

透穿性 transparency

万向节和传动轴 universal joint and drive shaft

万向节 universal joint

非等速万向节 nonconstant velocity universal joint

等速万向节 constant velocity universal joint

准等速万向节 near constant velocity universal joint

自承式万向节 self-supporting universal joint

非自承式万各节 non self suporting universal joint

回转直径 swing diameter

等速平面 constant velocity plane

万向节夹角 true joint angle

十字轴式万向节 cardan (hookes)universal joint

万向节叉 yoke

突缘叉 flange york

滑动叉 slip yoke

滑动节,伸缩节 slip joint

花键轴叉 slip shaft yoke

轴管叉(焊接叉) tube(weld yoke)

十字轴 cross(spider)

十字轴总成 cross assembly

挠性元件总成 flexible universal joint

球销式万向节 flexible member assembly

双柱槽壳 housing

球环 ball

球头轴 ball head

球头钉 button

中心球和座 centering ball and seat

球笼式万向节 rzeppa universal joint

钟形壳 outer race

星型套 inner race

保持架 cage

可轴向移动的球笼式万向节 plunging constant velocity joint

筒形壳 cylinder outer race

柱形滚道星形套 inner race withcylinder ball grooves

偏心保持架 non-concentric cage

滚动花键球笼式万向节 ball spline rzeppa universal joint

外壳 outer housing

内壳体 inner housing

球叉式万向节 weiss universal joint

球叉 ball yoke

定心钢球 centering ball

三球销万向节 tripod universal joint

三柱槽壳 housing

三销架 spider

双联万向节 double cardan universal joint

凸块式万向节 tracta universal joint

凸块叉 fork yoke

榫槽凸块 tongue and groove couplijng

凹槽凸块 groove coupling

传动轴 drive shaft(propeller shaft)

传动轴系 drive line

传动轴形式 drive shaft type

两万向节滑动的传动轴 two -joint inboard slip ddiveshaft

两万向节外侧滑动传动轴 two joint ouboard slip drive shaft

单万向节传动轴 single joint coupling shaft

组合式传动轴 unitized drive shaft

传动轴减振器 drive shaft absorber

传动轴中间轴承 drive shaft center bearing

传动轴管焊接合件 weld drive shaft tube assembly

传动轴特征长度 drive shaft length

传动轴谐振噪声 resonant noise of rive shaft

传动轴的临界转速 critical speed of drive shaft

传动轴总成的平衡 balance of drive shaft assembly

允许滑动量 slip

相位角 phase angle

传动轴安全圈 drive shaft safety strap

驱动桥 drive axle(driving axle)

类型 type

断开式驱动桥 divided axle

非独立悬架式驱动桥 rigid dirve axle

独立悬架式驱动桥 independent suspension drive axle

转向驱动桥 steering drive axle

贯通式驱动桥 tandem axles

“三速”贯通轴 "three-speed" tandem axles

单驱动桥 single drive axle

多桥驱动 multiaxle drive

减速器 reducer

主减速器 final drive

单级主减速器 single reduction final drive

双级主减速器 double reduction final drive

前置式双级主减速器 front mounted double reduction final drive

后置式双级主减速器 rear mounted double reduction final drive

上置式双级主减速器 top mounted double reducton final drive

行星齿轮式双级主减速器 planetary double reduction final drive

 

 

 

贯通式主减速器 thru-drive

双速主减速器 two speed final drive

行星齿轮式双速主减速器 two speed planetary final drive

双级双速主减速器 two speed double reduction final drive

轮边减速器 wheel reductor(hub reductro)

行星圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器 planetary wheel reductor

行星锥齿轮式轮边减速器 differential geared wheel reductor(bevelepicyclick hub reductor)

外啮合圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器 spur geared wheel reductor

差速器 differential

锥齿轮式差速器 bevel gear differential

圆柱齿轮式差速器 spur gear differential

防滑式差速器 limited -slip differential

磨擦片式自锁差速器 multi-disc self -locking differential

凸轮滑滑块自锁差速器 self-locking differential with side ring and radial cam plate

自动离合式自锁差速器 automotive positive locking differential

强制锁止式差速器 locking differential

液压差速器 hydraulic differential

轴间差速器 interaxial differential

差速器壳 differential carrieer(case)

主降速齿轮 final reduction gear

驱动轴减速比 axle ratio

总减速比 total reduction ratio

主降速齿轮减速比 final reduction gear ratio

双减速齿轮 double reduction gear

差速器主齿轮轴 differential pinion-shaft

差速器侧齿轮 differential side gear

行星齿轮 spider gear(planetary pinion)

螺旋锥齿轮 spiral bevel gear

双曲面齿轮 hypoid gear

格里林齿制 gleason tooth

奥林康型齿制 oerlikon tooth

锥齿轮齿数 number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears

锥齿轮齿宽 face width of tooth in bevel gears and hypoid gears

平面锥齿轮 plane bevel gear

奥克托齿形 octoid form

平顶锥齿轮 contrate gear

齿面接触区 circular tooth contact

齿侧间隙 backlash in circular tooth

差速器十字轴 differential spider

差速器锁止机构 differential locking -device

差速器锁止系数 differential locking factor

差速器壳轴承 carrier bearing

桥壳 axle housing

整体式桥壳 banjo housing

可分式桥壳 trumpet-type axle housing

组合式桥壳 unitized carrier-type axle housing

对分式桥壳 split housing

冲压焊接桥壳 press-welding axle housing

钢管扩张桥壳 expanded tube axle housing

锻压焊接桥壳 forge welding axle housing

整体铸造式桥壳 cast rigid axle housing

半轴 axle shaft

全浮式半轴 full-floating axle shaft

半浮式半轴 semi-floating axle shaft

四分之三浮式半轴 three-quarter floating axle shaft

驱动桥最大附着扭矩 slip torque

驱动桥额定桥荷能力 rating axle capactiy

驱动桥减速比 driveaxle ratio

驱动桥质量 drive axle mass

单铰接式摆动轴 single-joint swing axle

双铰接式摆动轴 double joint swig axle

悬架系 suspension system

悬架 suspension

类型 type

非独立悬架 rigid axle suspension

独立悬架 independent suspension

平衡悬架 equalizing type of suspension

组合式悬架 combination suspension

可变刚度悬架 variable rate suspension

纵置板簧式 parallel leaf spring type

上置板簧式 over slung type

下置板簧式 under slung type

双横臂式 double with-bone arm type

横置板簧式 transversal leaf spring type

双纵臂式 double trailing arm type

单横臂式 single transverse arm type

双横臂式 double -wishbone type

单横臂式 singe trailing arm type

双纵臂式 double-trailing arm type

单斜臂式 single oblique arm tyep

四连杆式 four link type

扭矩套管式 torque tube drive type

第迪安式 De Dion type

烛式 sliding pillar type

麦弗逊式 MacPherson type

金属弹簧式 metal spring type

空气弹簧式 air spring type

油气弹簧式 hydro-pneumatic spring type

橡胶液体弹簧式 hydro-rubber spring type

橡胶弹簧式 rubber spring type

液体弹簧式 hydraulic spring type

三点悬架 three-point suspension

四点悬架 four-point suspension

部件 assembly and parts

悬架臂 suspension arm

上悬架臂 upper suspension arm

控制臂 control arm

上控制臂 upper control arm

下控制臂 lower control arm

纵臂 trailing arm

横臂 transverse arm

斜臂 oblique arm

支撑梁 support beam

横向推力杆 lateral rod

纵向推力杆 longitudinal rod

拉杆 tension rod

压杆 strut bar

支撑杆 strut bar

扭矩套管 torque tube

变截面弹簧 tapered spring

钢板弹簧 leaf spring(laminated spring)

副钢板弹簧 auxiliary spring

非对称钢板弹簧 unsymmetrical leaf

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